Moroccan Rug - Unique Fabric

by Ismail Rayan

A traditional moroccan rug can be an amazing work of art. These rugs, or moroccan rugs as they are more commonly known, were traditionally hand-woven from authentic moroccan material by the indigenous folks of Morocco. They have been weaving rugs for centuries. Traditionally, Moroccan rugs were woven by tribe's for their utility and not for decorative purposes. Decorative rugs were reserved for special occasions only. 

moroccan berber rug
There are two primary components found in a moroccan rug - natural wool yarn and pile - and patterns are woven in between these two components. Natural wool is the main component in a moroccan rug. In North Africa this natural fiber is harvested yearly and processed to make yarn. In Morocco the natural wool is harvested twice a year: once in the spring and once in the winter. This moroccan rug manufacturing technique is referred to as "gourd threading".

A textile is said to be authentic if it is made by a single tribe or family. Usually, the loom is owned and passed down from father to son. After a couple of generations the family trades the loom to an apprentice who will take over the job. This process continues until all the threads on the moroccan rug are gathered into one big pile. At this point the individual loom is sold and the new owner begins the job of weaving the rug.

Moroccans in the past used wool from many sources, including animal skins camel and wool sheep, goat and camel hair. Today the moroccan rugs of today are made from wool fibers obtained from the underbelly, stomach and shin of sheep. These wool fibers are woven and they can take on any number of colors. The wool can be dyed however the owner prefers. The best aspect about these rugs is that they have intricate and colorful patterns woven in intricate patterns and they can come in a variety of natural shades.

The wool is usually gathered from the atlas mountains where the tribe believes the sheep come from. It takes many years for a sheep to produce enough wool to be used for moroccan rugs. The exact origin of the wool is never revealed, but it is believed the tribe that lives in the high plateaus will use the wool gathered there for clothing. Although it took many years for the tribe to be able to cultivate enough wool to use for such an important item, they were able to keep their traditions alive.

The moroccan rug weaving technique used by the people of Morocco . The moroccan weaving technique involves braiding the threads of wool together to form a tightly woven carpet. Unlike the carpeting made by other cultures, the moroccan ones tend to be more delicate and soft. They are often seen as being very similar to the quality of burlap.

moroccan rug pink


The materials used to make these rugs vary, but they generally include silk, cotton, ramie, wool and aniline. The silk is usually grown in the  Sahara Desert in Morocco and has a natural sheen that makes it ideal for making boucherouite moroccan rug. The fibers from this material are woven together to create fine and luxurious rugs that are known to stand the test of time. A fine example of a boucherouite rug is a carpet that is three feet long. Another type of material used in these rugs is aniline which is a thick wool that is dyed a light pinkish color and used for other purposes as well.

These Berber rugs made by local artists have an authentic look and feel about them because they are made by talented artists who live in the area. Some of these Moroccan rugs can be quite expensive and can be found only at certain stores and markets around the world.


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