A Simple Guide To Berber Rugs

by Ismail Rayan

Berber rugs are hand woven, very thick and heavy wool carpets. They have a very unique beauty and you can tell that they originated in Morocco. They are made using the primitive knotting method. These rugs have been around for centuries.

berber rug

To understand Beni Ourain rug better, let us study their history first. Traditional Berber rugs originated from Beni Ourain (also spelled as Beni Ourain or Beni o Urna) tribe. They were living deep in Morocco in Atlas Mountains area. And they were famous for their weaving and craft.

The name Beni Ourain means mountain rugs or mountain handwoven. The rugs are made with the primitive yet primitive knotting method. They are widely used in Morocco and other African countries. Many of these khor rugs which are the commonly known as Berber rug or Moroccan rugs are made with wool obtained from sheep or lambs.

The wool is taken from the underbelly of sheep and is knotted together using primitive yet innovative knotting patterns. There are several reasons why the wool is knotted in such a way. One reason is that the sheep would not consume all the wool at one time and hence it would be preserved. Another reason is that the knotting process of the rugs is a very slow process.

These rugs are woven in a horizontal manner. The length of the piece would be equal to the width of the bed of the rugs. The beauty of the design and the intricate knotting work makes them highly valued by the Moroccan people. There are two types of Berber rug; the one is the semi-circular and the flat wreath Berber rug. Both have similar characteristics but the flat wreath one has a larger area.

Another type of Moroccan rug is the wool boucherouch Moroccan rug, which is similar to the Berber rug. However the wool used in this Moroccan rug is of thicker quality. The thickness of this wreath type of rugs is between five and eight millimeters. The other type of rugs is the wool boucherouch which has small sized flowers on it.

The Moroccan rugs come in different designs and colors. There is the so called cheval mirror, which is actually a mirror used for wall decoration in homes. This particular pattern is only used in homes in areas like Spain and France. The most common of the Moroccan rugs is the abstract patterns which are mainly used as wall decorations.

moroccan rug berber poufs


Although the colors in these Moroccan rugs are mostly brown, there are some rich shades being used as well. Most of these rugs are made of wool but there are also some made of cotton. The patterns of these rugs are mostly derived from the Berber tribe which lives in Morocco.

These rugs are usually made with wool, but they can also be made using silk and cotton fabrics as well. The most common of the geometric patterns that can be seen in these Moroccan rugs are the hematite and the eggshell. The hematite is basically a diamond shaped rug and the eggshell is simply a flat piece of cloth. These two geometric designs can be found all over the world.

The Berber people who made these rugs lived in North Africa. They used to live in arid and warm areas. These arid areas had all kinds of grasses and trees, so they had to make do with whatever they could find. During the warmer seasons, they would grow plants in their soil in order to feed their animals. They also built houses and other structures in the soil.

bnei ourain rug


When it came to floor coverings, they used to use what was available to them. Their choice of floor coverings varied depending on what had the best return on investment for them. Berber carpets were so thick and sturdy that they could withstand the test of time and day to day wear and tear. They survived plagues, wars, earthquakes and even invasions from neighboring tribes.

In fact, the Berbers had more invaders and enemies than anyone else in history. However, they never lost hope or stopped working with their carpets. The work ethic that went into making these rugs enabled them to overcome adversity. Now you too can enjoy the same benefits that they obtained. You don't have to live in the desert or in the Middle East to appreciate a good Berber carpet. There are plenty of places where you can find high quality Berber rugs for sale.


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