History of moroccan berber rugs
Moroccan carpets are hand-woven carpets and textiles in Morocco. Carpets have been woven by the indigenous people of Morocco since the Paleolithic. Traditionally, Moroccan rugs have been woven by tribal peoples for their own benefit and not for decoration purposes. Moroccan 20th-century carpets are widely collected in the West, often woven by the tribes of people who do not seek or possess formal technical training.
In the historic region that includes the modern Moroccan nation, the tradition of rug making is as old as anywhere in the world. The early dependence on the carpet industry by indigenous Moroccans is certainly due largely to the region's distinctive climate: Moroccan rugs may be extremely dense with a heavy pile, making them useful for the snow-capped Atlas Mountains; or they may be woven flat and light to suit the hot desert climate. Moroccan Bedouin and Berber tribes used these lint, woven and woven flat carpets as bed covers and sleeping mats, as well as for self-decoration and burial shroud. Some of these carpets were also used as saddle blankets. The designs that often appear in Moroccan carpets are traditional and old, passed from weaver to weaver.
Elsewhere in Morocco, most major cities have a unique style or design that characterizes their carpets. Perhaps the most important carpet-producing city in Morocco is the ancient Moroccan capital of Fez. Fez reached its golden age during the Marinid dynasty in the 13th century. At that point, the city was home to more than a hundred dye workers and thousands of craft embroidery studios located in the Old City. The coastal capital, Rabat, is famous for carpets woven with floral elements and diamond shapes, and a fairly open field.
Moroccan carpets have grown in popularity in the West through modern mid-century designers - such as Le Corbusier - who have linked dense Berber carpets accumulated with their elegantly designed furniture. Many of these Berber rugs are woven by the people of Beni Ourain from the Rif Mountains near Taza. Colors vary from neutral shades to hues, with designs ranging from the desired geometric shapes to a more expressive free style. Part of the appeal to modernists was the primitive carpet. Unlike traditional antique oriental carpets found in Western interior decoration, there is little elegance around these carpets, yet they fit nicely with modern decor. Antique Moroccan rugs are popular today because of their decorative flexibility and reasonable prices compared to other styles of antique rugs.